The base of the vegan diet is of course fruits and vegetables. For some reason people seem to think that basing your diet on mainly these food groups is limiting, when the truth is that there are so much fruits and vegetables out there that I haven’t even tried all of them yet. And I’ve been vegetarian for more than 10 years!
Fruits and vegetables are categorized a little differently depending on if you look at it out of a scientific or culinary standpoint. Since this is about cooking I will use the culinary categorization and give you some examples of different fruits and vegetables;
Banana, apple, pear, nectarine, blueberry, strawberry, orange, lemon, kiwi, mango, watermelon, cantaloupe melon, pomegranate, grape, persimmon, rhubarb, plum, raspberry, coconut, cherry, date, guava, grapefruit, jackfruit, rambutan, sea-buckthorn, peach…
Carrot, beet, potato, parsnip, asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, artichoke, spinach, kale, collard greens, squash, zucchini, eggplant, lettuce, cabbage, watercress, onion, garlic, leek, celery, bamboo shoots, tomato, cucumber, pumpkin, okra, avocado, pepper, cassava, ginger, wakame, nori, kombu…
Well, you get the point. There are tons of them. Beans, since they are a podded vegetable, could also be included here, but I will give beans and other legumes their own post later on.
How do I cook vegetables?
Vegetables can be cooked in almost any way you can think of, depending on the type. You can stir fry them. You can bake them in the oven; as part of a casserole or pie, or just plain with oil and seasoning. You can boil or steam them. You can use them as ingredients for patties. You can deep fry them. And of course you can eat most of them raw!
How about fruits?
I love eating fruits raw, just like they are, but of course you can also use them in cooking and baking. You can make smoothies, jams or juices. You can also use them in different desserts, such as pies, cakes or jellies.